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Sexual harassment

This advice applies to Wales

Sexual harassment is unwanted behaviour of a sexual nature which:

  • violates your dignity
  • makes you feel intimidated, degraded or humiliated
  • creates a hostile or offensive environment

You don’t need to have previously objected to someone's behaviour for it to be considered unwanted.

What’s the effect or intention behind the behaviour?

Sexual harassment is a form of unlawful discrimination under the Equality Act 2010. The law says it’s sexual harassment if the behaviour is either meant to, or has the effect of:

  • violating your dignity, or
  • creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment

If you're being harassed at work

Sexual harassment can include:

  • sexual comments or jokes
  • physical behaviour, including unwelcome sexual advances, touching and various forms of sexual assault
  • displaying pictures, photos or drawings of a sexual nature
  • sending emails with a sexual content

Read our advice on what to do if you're being harassed at work.

If you’re treated badly because of your reaction to sexual harassment

If you’re treated badly or less favourably because of your reaction to sexual harassment, you may have a claim under the Equality Act. The Act says this is also harassment. You’re protected if you reject or submit to the harassment.

The person who treats you less favourably can be the person who actually harassed you, but it can also be someone else.


Your colleague makes sexual advances towards you and you say no. Your colleague then starts to bully you. Or you submit to their advances and they spread nasty rumours about you. This is unlawful and you could take action under the Equality Act.

Next steps

Other useful information

Equality Advisory Support Service (EASS)

If you have experienced discrimination, you can get help from the EASS discrimination helpline.

Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC)

Rights of Women sexual harassment at work helpline

If you're a woman experiencing sexual harassment at work, you can get free employment legal advice from Rights of Women. You can find out how to contact Rights of Women on their website.

Help us improve our harassment advice

If you came to our site today to look for  information or advice about harassment, we’d like you to fill in a short  online questionnaire about your experience.

It should only take about 5 minutes. Find out how you can help improve our harassment  advice Google form .

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