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Coronavirus – what it means for you

This advice applies to Wales

This page is regularly updated as government advice becomes available.

There are things you can do to help you avoid getting coronavirus, also known as COVID-19. There are also things you can do to stop the virus spreading if you think you have it.

You can read more about the symptoms of coronavirus and how to avoid it on the NHS website.

You can also watch British Sign Language versions of government advice on the SignHealth website. 

Check if something is a scam

Make sure you only use trusted sources of information about coronavirus.

If you see emails about coronavirus from someone you don't know, don't click on any links or buy anything.

Don’t give money or personal details to anyone you don’t know or trust – for example, if someone knocks on your door and offers to help.

You can check if something is a scam.

If you’re in an area with a local lockdown 

You’ll need to follow stricter rules if there’s an increase in people testing positive for coronavirus in your local area. This is called a local lockdown. You can check if there’s a local lockdown in your area on GOV.UK.

Meeting with people

The government recommend you keep at least 2 metres away from people who aren’t members of your household. If you have children under 11 years old, they don’t need to keep 2 metres away from other people.

You’re allowed to meet in a group of up to 30 people outdoors. You can’t usually meet with people from another household indoors.

If you meet up with people when you’re not allowed to, the police could tell you to go home or fine you.

In some situations you can meet indoors or meet in a larger group outdoors. You can also join up with 1 other household – this is called being in an ‘extended household’.

You can find out more about meeting with people.


If your partner or family member makes you feel anxious or threatened

You can still get help during this time. Contact a domestic abuse organisation to check what services are available.

You can also check the guide to staying safe on the SafeLives website.

Check if you need to wear a mask or face covering

You usually have to wear a mask or covering for your mouth and nose when you travel on public transport.

You might not have to wear a mask or face covering, for example if:

  • you’re under 11 years old
  • you’ve got an illness or disability which means you can’t wear one

You can check who doesn’t have to wear a face mask on the Welsh Government website.

Help you can get

The government have also announced other ways they’re helping people. 

We’ll publish new advice to help you understand any changes when they’re announced. We’ll also update our existing advice.

 Advice so far includes things like:

  • getting essential items and care if you’re ‘extremely vulnerable’
  • paying bills, including your rent
  • getting paid if you can’t work because of coronavirus
  • getting an online isolation note if you need to prove you’re sick
  • taking your children to school
  • postponing or cancelling travel arrangements

If you're shielding

The NHS will have contacted you if you’re ‘extremely vulnerable’. They will have told you how to avoid coming into contact with coronavirus. This is called ‘shielding’.

If you're shielding, the government recommend you stay at home and avoid face to face contact with other people as much as possible until at least 16 August 2020. You can check the government’s guidance on what to do if you want to spend time outside.

Find out more about shielding and if you’re classed as extremely vulnerable on the Welsh government website.

If you need help to get care or essential supplies like food

You should contact your local council.

You can find your local council on GOV.UK or check the letter the NHS sent you about shielding.

If you’re a carer

You can still be a carer as long as you don’t have coronavirus symptoms.

Check the guidance on the Carers UK website to find out what support is available to you.

If you need to take time off work to care for someone who is normally cared for in a different way, find out what options you have.

If you’ve got less money because of coronavirus

You can check what help you can get if you can't pay your bills. This includes things like your mortgage, energy bills, council tax or court fines.

You can also find out what to do if you can’t pay your rent or have problems with your rented home.

Getting benefits

You might be able to claim benefits or get more money if you’re already getting benefits. This includes any statutory sick pay (SSP) your employer might give you.

Check what benefits you can get.

If you’re already getting benefits, check if the government has made any changes to your benefits.

If you have no money for food

You might be able get help from a food bank. You can:

  • look online to see if there are any independent local food banks you can go to without a referral
  • ask a charity or someone like a GP or social worker to refer you to a food bank – find out more about getting referred to a food bank

If your child is off school and usually gets free school meals because of your benefits, you can get food or supermarket vouchers while they're off school. This includes during the 2020 summer holiday.

Find out more about getting food or vouchers for your child.

If you’re sleeping outside or in a shelter where you can’t self-isolate

This is sometimes known as ‘rough sleeping’. The government have said you should be considered ‘in priority need’. Your local council should help you now, even if you wouldn’t usually be entitled to help. 

You can get help applying for homeless help from the council.

Going to work 

The government have said you can go to work if you can't work from home.

Being furloughed if you can’t work

If your work has shut down or there’s no work because of coronavirus, your employer might use the Coronavirus Job Retention scheme to pay you. This is known as being ‘furloughed’.

You can now only be furloughed if either:

  • you were furloughed for at least 3 weeks before 1 July
  • you’re returning from maternity leave, adoption leave, paternity leave, shared parental leave or parental bereavement leave

Find out how the scheme works.

If you’re off work because you're self-isolating

You might get statutory sick pay (SSP) if you’re following government guidance to self-isolate. Find out more about self-isolating on GOV.UK.

You could get SSP if:

  • you have coronavirus or symptoms of coronavirus
  • someone you live with has coronavirus or symptoms of coronavirus
  • you're self-isolating because you’ve been told by the NHS that you’ve come into contact with someone who has coronavirus
  • the NHS has sent you a letter telling you to shield because you’re ‘extremely vulnerable’ - find out more about shielding on GOV.UK

Find out more about getting SSP.

If you’re shielding because you’re extremely vulnerable

The government have said you should work from home if you can. If this is difficult for you, your employer should help - for example, while you’re shielding they could:

  • give you a different role 

  • change your working patterns

You can check what to do if you’re worried about being safe at work because of coronavirus.

You won’t be able to get statutory sick pay (SSP) after 16 August if you’re shielding. You might still be able to get SSP if you can’t work from home and it’s not safe for you to go to work. You’ll need a fit note from your doctor to give to your employer.

Check if you can get SSP.

Read the government’s guidance on shielding on GOV.UK.

If you’re ‘vulnerable’ but not extremely vulnerable

You’re ‘vulnerable’ if you’re aged 70 or over, pregnant or have certain health conditions - it’s different from being extremely vulnerable. You might have to work if you’re vulnerable. Find out if you’re classed as vulnerable on GOV.UK. 

If you want to stop working, you won’t get statutory sick pay (SSP) unless you’re following government guidance to self-isolate or you have a fit note from your doctor.

If you’re worried about going to work because of coronavirus

If you’re worried about having to go to work, there are things your employer should be doing to make sure you’re safe.

If you decide not to work, there might be ways to keep getting paid.

If you’re worried about working and you’re pregnant or disabled, there might be other things your employer has to do. 

Check what to do if you’re worried about working.

If you’ve got young children

If you need to take time off to look after your children, speak to your employer. Read more about taking time off to look after children.

You should only leave your children at home on their own if they’ll be safe – check the government’s guidance on leaving children on their own on GOV.UK.

Taking your children to school

The government says all children can go back to school full time at the end of summer. You can check the guidance about going back to school on the Welsh government website.

Nurseries, childminders and summer clubs can stay open for all children in the summer.

If you're planning on travelling abroad

You should:

  • contact your insurer to check your travel insurance covers medical and travel problems caused by coronavirus

If you’re in an area with a local lockdown - check the advice for your area on travelling abroad on GOV.UK.

If you've booked a holiday

If you already have a holiday booked it’s worth checking guidance from your travel agent, airline or other holiday provider. You might be able to rebook your holiday and go later in the year.

You can find out more about getting a refund because of coronavirus

You can also find out what to do if your package holiday is cancelled. If you need more help, you can get advice from the consumer service.

If your visa is ending and you can’t leave the UK

You should contact the Home Office if all of the following apply:

  • your visa is ending soon
  • you’re planning to leave the UK at the end of your visa
  • either the government has told you to self-isolate or the country you need to go to won’t let you in because of coronavirus

If your visa expires at any time from 24 January to 31 July 2020, the Home Office will extend your visa until 31 July. You should tell the Home Office using the online form on GOV.UK.

If your visa expires after 31 July, the Home Office will decide whether to extend your visa. You should tell the Home Office using the contact details on GOV.UK.

If you’re entering the UK from abroad

There are special rules if you’re planning to arrive in the UK. This includes if you’re coming back to the UK after spending time abroad. Check if you have to follow the special rules on GOV.UK.

You’ll usually have to fill in a form on GOV.UK with details of where you’ll stay in the UK.

You also might have to stay inside at the address you put on the form for 14 days after you arrive – this is called ‘self-isolating’ or ‘quarantine’.

You won’t have to self-isolate if you’ve been in countries which are considered safe for the whole of the last 14 days – check which countries are considered safe on GOV.UK. You’ll still have to fill out the form.

The rules are different if you’re coming to the UK from Ireland, the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man. You won’t have to fill in the form or self-isolate unless you travelled from somewhere else in the last 14 days.

Filling in the form

You must fill in the form on GOV.UK with details of the address where you’ll be staying in the UK.

It’s best to fill in the form before you travel – you can fill it in up to 48 hours before you arrive in the UK. You can also fill in the form when you arrive – there will be computers you can use.

When you complete the form you’ll get an email confirmation to print or show on your phone. You’ll need to show the confirmation to immigration officials when you arrive in the UK.

If you don’t fill in the form, you might get a fine of up to £100. If you’re not a British or Irish citizen, you might not be allowed into the UK.

Self-isolating for 14 days

If you have to self-isolate, you must stay at the address you put on the form.

You can only leave the address for certain reasons, including:

  • getting basic things like food, medicine or pet supplies – if you can’t get them delivered
  • getting medical help – if it’s urgent or your doctor has told you to get help
  • going to the funeral of a close relative
  • if there’s an emergency – for example if it’s not safe to stay inside

You must not meet anyone except the people you’re staying with.

If you don’t self-isolate, you might get a £1,000 fine.

If you need to move to a different address in the 14 days, you must fill in a new form on GOV.UK.

You can check the rules on self-isolation on GOV.UK.

If you think shops aren’t acting fairly 

Shops and businesses can put up their prices if they want to. If you’ve noticed that things cost more than usual, you’ll need to decide if you want to pay for the item or not. 

You can report a business to Trading Standards if you think they’re:

  • not being fair with their prices
  • acting illegally

Trading Standards might not reply to your complaint.

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