Get compensation if you have a power cut
You might be able to claim compensation if the electricity or gas supply to your home goes off.
Whether you can claim will depend on:
- how long the power was cut for
- if the power cut was planned
Your supplier won’t be responsible for power cuts - it’s your local electricity distributor that maintains the electricity supply to your home.
If you use a prepayment meter and you’re cut off because the meter is faulty your supplier will be responsible. They have to fix it within a certain timeframe. If they don't, you could get compensation.
Depending on your situation, you might get extra help from your energy supplier if there's a power cut. You can check if you can get extra support from your energy supplier.
When you can claim
You’ll only get compensation if the power cut was the electricity distributor or gas transporter's fault. For example, you can't get compensation if you accidentally cut through your supply while doing work on your home.
You won’t get compensation for financial loss, for example if your food spoiled because your freezer defrosted.
Planned electricity power cuts
Your electricity distributor must give you 2 days’ notice if they plan to cut off your supply to do work. You can claim £30 compensation if:
- they don’t give you 2 days notice
- they cut you off on a different day from the date on the notice
You must claim within 1 month.
Unplanned electricity power cuts
If the power cut wasn’t planned, the amount of compensation you can get depends on how many homes were affected by the power cut and whether it was caused by bad weather.
If you want to find out how many homes were affected by a power cut, contact your local electricity distributor.
How much you’ll get
If fewer than 5,000 homes were affected, you’ll get:
- £75 if the power was out for longer than 12 hours
- £35 for each following 12 hours
If more than 5,000 homes were affected, you’ll get:
- £75 if the power was out for longer than 24 hours
- £35 for each following period of 24 hours up to a maximum of £300
If the power cut was caused by bad weather, for example a storm damaged power lines - you’ll get the following compensation regardless of how many homes were affected:
- £70 if the power was off for 24 hours (this can be 48 hours if it was a severe storm)
- £70 for each following 12 hours, up to a maximum of £700
Multiple power cuts
You can get an extra £75 compensation if your power goes off more than 4 times in 1 year, for more than 3 hours each time. The year runs from 1 April to 31 March.
If your gas supply is cut off
The company responsible for the gas pipes connecting to your home is called a 'gas transporter'. You must be given 5 days’ notice if they plan to cut off your supply to do work. You can claim £20 compensation if they don’t, but you must claim within 3 months.
If you’re on the Priority Services Register, your supplier must arrange alternative cooking and heating facilities for you.
You’ll be entitled to compensation if your gas is cut off for more than 24 hours - but you must claim within 3 months. This amount rises depending on how long it was cut off for.
How to claim compensation
If the power cut was caused by bad weather, you have 3 months to claim compensation. If you're on your supplier’s Priority Services Register, you’ll be paid compensation automatically for an electricity power cut. You'll have to make a claim for a gas power cut.
If the power cut was caused by something else, you’ll need to claim compensation from the company that manages the distribution of your gas or electricity. This company is not your supplier.
You should contact either:
- your local electricity distributor - claim within 3 months of your supply being fixed (except for planned cuts without proper notice - these must be claimed within 1 month)
- your local gas transporter
How you get paid might vary. The distribution company or gas transporter will usually send the payment to your supplier. Your supplier will then credit it to your account. They should tell you about this. It’s possible for the distribution company or gas transporter to pay you directly, if they have your details.
Some suppliers will send you a cheque or pay the money into your bank account. If you have a prepayment meter, some suppliers might credit the meter directly.
When you’ll be paid
You should be paid within:
- 10 days of you claiming from your electricity supplier or distributor
- 20 days of you claiming from your gas transporter
- within 10 days of the end of an electricity power cut, if you’re being paid automatically
If you’re not paid within these timescales, you can get another compensation payment of:
£30 for a late payment from your electricity supplier
£20 for a late payment from your gas transporter
If the power cut was caused by bad weather you should be paid as soon as possible. Gas transporters might not have to pay compensation, if they took reasonable steps to prevent a power cut during bad weather.
If you’re unhappy
If the electricity distributor or gas transporter tells you that you’re not eligible for compensation, and you disagree, you should complain directly to them. Use their complaints procedure, which will be on their website.
If you’re not satisfied with their response to your complaint, you can complain to the energy ombudsman.